When attending a funeral, it’s important to remember that you are there to support and show your respect to the family members of the deceased. Understanding proper funeral etiquette will ensure you are prepared and feel more comfortable at the funeral service.

Who should attend?

As a general rule, everyone is welcome at a funeral and you don’t need to wait for an invitation. This includes those who didn’t know the deceased but would like to offer their support to the family or another guest. Witnessing a big turnout at a funeral is often a great source of comfort to the bereaved family.
Some families choose to hold a private funeral service, in which case this will be invite-only. Covid-19 restrictions also mean that there are current limitations to the numbers of people who can attend a funeral. A close friend or family member of the deceased should be able to advise you on whether you are able to attend.

Should children attend a funeral?

Children are very welcome at funerals unless specifically requested by the bereaved family. If your child is older it is important to ask them whether they would like to attend. It can be useful to talk to them about what will happen at the funeral and how they might feel. Younger children and babies may find it challenging to sit quietly for the funeral service, so take into consideration the relationship your child had with the deceased, their understanding of the funeral, and how the immediate family will feel if your child becomes agitated.

Attending funerals of different faiths

If you are attending the religious funeral of someone whose beliefs don’t echo your own, there is no pressure for you to take part in any religious practices that you aren’t familiar or comfortable with. A funeral is about paying your respects to the deceased and this can be done simply by listening to the service and being respectful to the other mourners.

What to wear to a funeral

What you wear to a funeral is an important way for you to show respect to the deceased and the other mourners attending. First and foremost you should consider the culture or faith of the deceased and dress according to tradition. In general, dressing conservatively in either black or dark colours is the most appropriate attire. If a specific dress code has been set, such as wearing a specific colour, try to adhere to it as best you can. There is no need to agonise about what to wear. Your attendance at the funeral is far more important than what you wear.

Visiting the Chapel of Rest

Visiting someone at the chapel of rest can be quite distressing, but some find that it can offer closure – knowing that their loved ones are now at rest. Normally, this service is used by family and close friends only, but if you would like to visit, it is advised that you ask the person who is arranging the funeral.

What to take to a funeral

Being prepared can help to make a funeral feel more comfortable for you. Some suggested items to take include;

  • Tissues
  • A sympathy card
  • A personal story or memory about the deceased
  • An umbrella or weather-appropriate items

Entering the funeral

The traditional church funeral etiquette is for guests to take their seats prior to the arrival of the coffin. At crematoriums, the congregation will usually follow the coffin and chief mourners into the chapel. Not all funerals follow the same traditions, however, so please follow the Funeral Director’s instructions on the day.

Where to sit

At a funeral, the first few rows are usually allocated to the immediate family (chief mourners). The remaining seats are free for everyone else, and you don’t need to pick a specific side. Try to avoid sitting too far back at larger venues – this will even out the spread of guests to ensure there isn’t a big gap between the guests and chief mourners.

Funeral service etiquette

During the funeral ceremony it is important to conduct yourself in a subtle and respectful way;

  • Arrive early, ten to twenty minutes prior to the start time
  • Turn off your phone or put it on silent. If it rings, do not answer it during the service
  • Keep conversations to a minimum whilst you are inside the venue
  • Don’t eat or drink during the funeral service
  • If there are moments that require your participation, such as singing or standing, get involved as best you can

When should I exit a funeral?

At the end of a funeral service, after the chief mourners leave, the rest of the guests will leave row by row, starting at the front and working backwards. Depending on whether a person is being buried or cremated, there may be an additional committal service after the funeral. Sometimes the committal is reserved for immediate family and friends only, so do check whether you are able to attend beforehand.

Taking photos at the funeral

As with any important life event, there may be a big temptation to take photos and document the occasion, particularly if you are reconnecting with old friends and family. However, it is wise to avoid taking any photos at a funeral unless you have permission to do so by a close family member of the deceased. This includes selfies, which will likely come across as disrespectful to the family of the deceased. If you have been given permission to take photos at a funeral, be subtle in your approach, turn off the flash and ensure you ask for permission before you take someone’s photo. Waiting until after the funeral service, when you are outside and away from the other mourners, is often the best time to take a photo.

Posting on social media

Always take your lead from the family of the deceased – wait for them to announce the death on social media first before posting anything yourself. Often the most respectful way to engage in social media is simply to comment on a post that has already been uploaded by a family member, offering your heartfelt condolences. The simplest rule to follow with regards to funeral etiquette at the service is to refrain from posting entirely. You might be tempted to ‘check in’ or talk about the funeral on your social media pages, but this could be viewed as both insensitive and an infringement of the family’s right to privacy.

How to offer condolences

Finding the right words to say to someone who has experienced loss can be challenging and you might be concerned about saying the wrong thing. Planning what you would like to say beforehand can usually help you find the right words in the moment. Some sensitive phrases could include;

I’m so sorry for your loss
They were a wonderful person and will be sorely missed
You and your family are in my thoughts and prayers
I’m here for you if you need anything
If you would like to talk then I am here

Sharing stories and memories of the deceased is another way to offer your support to the bereaved. If the funeral has a large number of guests, or the family seem very distressed, it may not be appropriate to approach the family at the service. Sending a sympathy card will be just as gratefully received.

Should I show my emotions at a funeral?

There is no right or wrong way to show emotion at a funeral, and everyone will respond differently to the emotions of the day. Crying is a perfectly normal response to have, so let your emotion out if you need to. Being prepared with tissues can help you to feel more comfortable. If your emotion feels overwhelming then quietly leaving the funeral for a few moments is perfectly acceptable.

Should I send flowers?

Sending flowers is a thoughtful gesture, but it’s important you understand the wishes of the bereaved family, along with any religious or cultural practices, before organising an arrangement.
If funeral flowers and tributes are welcomed then they should be organised at least 48 hours before the funeral. They may be sent directly to the Funeral Directors on the day of the funeral, ahead of the service.
An alternative to sending funeral flowers is to send sympathy flowers to the bereaved family. Avoid handing these over at the funeral service. These should be sent directly to the family home along with a card or note.

Making funeral donations

Nowadays it is common for bereaved families to request charity donations in lieu of flowers and are generally collected via a ‘giving’ website or on the Funeral Director’s website. There isn’t a specific amount you should donate, simply pay what you can afford. A good starting point is to donate as much as you would have spent on flowers.


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    Funeral Etiquette